Sternoclavicular joint

Sternoclavicular joint: Anatomy & FunctionAnatomy, functions, innervation and blood supply of the sternoclavicular joint
~ 2-3 min

The sternum is connected to the clavicle by the sternoclavicular joint (articulatio sternoclavicularis).

This joint is formed between the articular surfaces on the clavicular notch of the manubrium of the sternum (incisura clavicularis manubrii sterni);

Manubrium of the sternum (incisura clavicularis)
Manubrium of the sternum (incisura clavicularis)

and the sternal end of the clavicle (extremitas sternalis claviculae).

Sternal end of the clavicle (extremitas sternalis claviculae)
Sternal end of the clavicle (extremitas sternalis claviculae)

The joint capsule is attached along the edge of the articular surfaces, it is dense and fibrous.

According to the classification, the joint is simple, plane, multiaxial, complex, and combined (with an acromioclavicular joint (articulatio acromioclavicularis)).

The following range of motions is possible in the joint:

  • Around the sagittal axis: lifting and lowering of the clavicle.

  • Around the vertical axis: back and forth motion of the clavicle.

  • Shifting from the sagittal plane to the vertical plane enables circumduction (circumductio) The fixing apparatus of the joint is represented by several ligaments:

  • Anterior sternoclavicular ligament (ligamentum sternoclaviculare anterius). It is a wide fibrous cord covering the anterior surface of the joint and running diagonally from the proximal part of the clavicle to the sternum.

    Anterior sternoclavicular ligament (lig. sternoclaviculare anterius)
    Anterior sternoclavicular ligament (lig. sternoclaviculare anterius)
    Anterior sternoclavicular ligament (lig. sternoclaviculare anterius)
    Anterior sternoclavicular ligament (lig. sternoclaviculare anterius)
  • The posterior sternoclavicular ligament (ligamentum sternoclaviculare posterius) runs from the posterior-superior surface of the sternal end of the clavicle to the posterior-superior surface of the manubrium of the sternum.

  • The costoclavicular ligament (ligamentum costoclaviculare) is a short, wide ligament that connects the inferior surface of the sternal end of the clavicle with the cartilage and bony part of the 1st rib.

    Costoclavicular ligament (lig. costoclaviculare)
    Costoclavicular ligament (lig. costoclaviculare)
    Costoclavicular ligament (lig. costoclaviculare)
    Costoclavicular ligament (lig. costoclaviculare)
  • The interclavicular ligament (ligamentum interclaviculare) connects two sternal ends of the right and left clavicles.

    Interclavicular ligament (lig. interclaviculare)
    Interclavicular ligament (lig. interclaviculare)
    Interclavicular ligament (lig. interclaviculare)
    Interclavicular ligament (lig. interclaviculare)

    The additional structures of the joint consist of an articular disc (discus articularis) that fuses with the capsule and divides the articular cavity into two chambers.

    Articular disc (discus articularis)
    Articular disc (discus articularis)

    The following vessels and nerves take part in the blood supply and innervation of the joint.

    Blood supply and innervation.

  • Arteries: perforating and sternal branches of the internal thoracic artery (rr. perforantes et sternales a. thoracica interna), superior thoracic artery (a. thoracica superior), first intercostal artery (a. intercostalis I)

  • Veins: internal thoracic vein (v. thoracica interna), superior thoracic vein (v. thoracica superior), posterior intercostal veins (vv. intercostales posteriores)

Dictionary

Sternoclavicular joint

Sternoclavicular joint
art. sternoclavicularis
Sternum
sternum
Clavicula
clavicula
Clavicular notch of the manubrium of the sternum
incisura clavicularis manubrii sterni
Sternal end of the clavicle
extremitas sternalis claviculae
Acromioclavicular joint
art. acromioclavicularis
Anterior sternoclavicular ligament
lig. sternoclaviculare anterius
Posterior sternoclavicular ligament
lig. sternoclaviculare posterius
Costoclavicular ligament
lig. costoclaviculare
Interclavicular ligament
lig. interclaviculare
Articular disc
discus articularis
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