Deep femoral vein

The deep femoral veinAnatomical features of the deep femoral vein, its tributaries and venous outflow areas
~ 3 min

In this note, we will consider the anatomy, areas of venous drainage and anastomoses of the deep vein of the thigh.

The deep vein of the thigh (v. profunda femoris) is a large vein of the lower limb,

Deep vein of the thigh (v. profunda femoris)
Deep vein of the thigh (v. profunda femoris)

which inserts into the femoral vein (v. femoralis) below the level of the inguinal ligament.

Femoral vein (v. femoralis)
Femoral vein (v. femoralis)
Femoral vein (v. femoralis) – with the arteries of the same name
Femoral vein (v. femoralis) – with the arteries of the same name

It has a valve in its wall. Despite the fact that this vein is short, it provides the greatest venous outflow from the femoral region.

The deep vein of the thigh has several tributaries. Unlike the arteries of the same name, they are rarely described, but they play an important role in the circulatory system of the lower limb.

  1. The medial circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris medialis) arises from the muscles of the thigh, gluteal muscles, and iliopsoas region, as well as the hip joint. Then it circumflexes the neck of the thigh and inserts into the deep vein of the thigh.

    Medial circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris medialis)
    Medial circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris medialis)
    Medial circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris medialis) – deep branches
    Medial circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris medialis) – deep branches
  2. The lateral circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris lateralis) arises from the muscles of the thigh, gluteal muscles and the tensor of the fascia lata.

    Lateral circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris lateralis)
    Lateral circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris lateralis)
    Lateral circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris lateralis) – with the arteries of the same name
    Lateral circumflex femoral vein (v. circumflexa femoris lateralis) – with the arteries of the same name
  3. The vena comitans of the descending genicular artery (v. comitans arteriae descendentis genicularis) receives venous blood from the knee joint area.

    Vena comitans of the descending genicular artery (v. comitans arteriae descendentis genicularis)
    Vena comitans of the descending genicular artery (v. comitans arteriae descendentis genicularis)
  4. The perforating veins of the thigh (vv. perforantes) communicate the deep vein of the thigh with the superficial veins.

Perforating veins of the thigh (vv. perforantes) – with the arteries of the same name
Perforating veins of the thigh (vv. perforantes) – with the arteries of the same name
Dictionary

The deep femoral vein

Deep vein of the thigh
v. profunda femoris
Medial circumflex femoral vein
v. circumflexa femoris medialis
Lateral circumflex femoral vein
v. circumflexa femoralis lateralis
Vein to the descending artery
v. comitans arteriaedescendens genicularis
Perforanting veins of the thigh
vv. perforantes
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