Deep veins of the forearm

Deep veins of the forearmAnatomical features of the deep veins of the forearm, their tributaries and venous outflow areas
~ 3 min

In this video, the anatomy of the deep antebrachial veins, their tributaries, anastomoses and areas of blood drainage will be considered.

The continuation of the deep and superficial venous palmar arches are paired deep antebrachial veins: ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)

Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)

and radial veins (vv. radiales) accompanying the arteries of the same name.

Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)

Two brachial veins (vv. brachiales) formed from the deep antebrachial veins, not reaching the axillary cavity, converge at the level of the inferior border of the tendon of the latissimus dorsi muscle,

Brachial veins (vv. brachiales)
Brachial veins (vv. brachiales)

forming an axillary vein (v. axillaris).

Axillary vein (v. axillaris)
Axillary vein (v. axillaris)

Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares) are deep paired vessels of the forearm.

Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)

hey arise from the deep venous palmar arch and go up in the deep anterior part of the forearm.

Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)

They end in the cubital fossa, where they communicate with the radial veins, forming the brachial veins.

Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)
Ulnar veins (vv. ulnares)

Along the way, they receive several small tributaries from neighboring muscles.

They have two main tributaries:

  1. The ulnar recurrent vein (v. recurrens ulnaris)

    Ulnar recurrent vein (v. recurrens ulnaris)
    Ulnar recurrent vein (v. recurrens ulnaris)
  2. The common interosseous vein (v. interossea communis)

Radial veins (vv. radiales) are a pair of vessels located on the lateral side of the forearm, extending from the hand to the ulnar fossa.

Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)

Along with the ulnar vein, the radial vein refers to the deep antebrachial veins.

It arises from the deep venous palmar arch and ends near the elbow joint, anastomosing with the ulnar vein and forming the brachial vein.

Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)
Radial veins (vv. radiales)

The main function of the radial vein is the drainage of venous blood from the deep structures of the hand, the lateral surface of the forearm, and the elbow joint.

It has the following tributaries along its length:

  1. Palmar and dorsal metacarpal veins (vv. metacarpales palmares et dorsales)

    Palmar metacarpal veins (vv. metacarpales palmares)
    Palmar metacarpal veins (vv. metacarpales palmares)
    Palmar and dorsal metacarpal veins (vv. metacarpales palmares et dorsales)
    Palmar and dorsal metacarpal veins (vv. metacarpales palmares et dorsales)
  2. Muscular veins (vv. musculares)

  3. Radial recurrent veins (vv. recurrentes radiales)

    Radial recurrent veins (vv. recurrentes radiales)
    Radial recurrent veins (vv. recurrentes radiales)
  4. The vein of the thumb (v. princeps pollicis)

    Vein of the thumb (v. princeps pollicis)
    Vein of the thumb (v. princeps pollicis)
  5. The radial vein of the index finger (v. radialis indicis)

    Radial vein of the index finger (v. radialis indicis)
    Radial vein of the index finger (v. radialis indicis)
  6. The first dorsal metacarpal vein (v. metacarpalis dorsalis prima)

First dorsal metacarpal vein (v. metacarpalis dorsalis prima)
First dorsal metacarpal vein (v. metacarpalis dorsalis prima)

All these veins accompany the arteries of the same name.

Dictionary

Deep veins of the forearm

Ulnar and radial veins
vv. ulnares et vv. radiales
Brachial veins
vv. brachiales
Axillary vein
v. axillaris
Ulnar veins
vv. ulnares
Ulnar recurrent vein
v. recurrens ulnaris
Common interosseous vein
v. interossea communis
Radial veins
vv. radiales
Palmar and dorsalmetacarpal veins
vv. metacarpales palmares et dorsales
Muscular veins
vv. musculares
Radial recurrent veins
vv. recurrentes radiales
Vein of the thumb
v. princeps pollicis
Radial vein of the index finger
v. radialis indicis
First dorsal metacarpal vein
v. metacarpalis dorsalis prima
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