In this note, we will consider the anatomy, areas of venous drainage and anastomoses of the femoral vein (vena femoralis).
The veins of the lower limb form the system of the external iliac vein (v. iliaca communis);
into which the large femoral vein (vena femoralis) inserts in the femoral triangle area.
It communicates with the deep femoral vein (v. profunda femoris);
and at the level of the inguinal ligament forms a common femoral vein (v. femoralis communis), which accompanies the artery of the same name.
The great saphenous vein (v. saphena magna) may end by it.
The deep veins of the thigh drain blood from the small lateral and medial tributaries of the deep muscles, fascia of the thigh.
The femoral vein passes along the entire length of the thigh and has a number of direct and indirect tributaries that form its system.
The popliteal vein (v. poplitea).
which collects blood from the popliteal fossa area. It ends by the femoral vein in the area around the knee joint
The small subcutaneous vein (v. saphena parva) and the great subcutaneous vein (vv. saphena madpa),
which anastomose between each other. They end by the popliteal vein. Blood is drained mainly from the posteromedial region of the leg, as well as from the lateral and medial ankles
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) and posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores) , which end by the popliteal vein
Peroneal veins (vv. peroneae), which end by the posterior tibial veins
The plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris), into which in turn the plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares) pass, carries blood to them
The dorsal venous arch (arcus venosus dorsalis), which carries blood from the dorsum of the foot to the small and great saphenous veins, as well as to the anterior tibial veins
The dorsal digital veins (vv. digitales dorsales), which end by the dorsal venous arch and carry blood from the toes
The femoral vein
- Femoral vein
- vena femoralis
- Femoral triangle
- trigomun femorale
- Deep femoral vein
- v. profunda femoris
- Common femoral vein
- v. femoralis communis
- Popliteal vein
- v. poplitea
- Lesser and greatersubcutaneous veins
- vv. saphena magna et parva
- Anterior and posteriortibial veins
- vv. tibiales anteriores et posteriors
- Peroneal veins
- vv. peroneae
- Plantar venous arch
- arcus venosus plantaris
- Plantar digital veins
- vv. digitales plantares
- Dorsal venosus arch
- arcus venosus dorsalis
- Dorsal digital veins
- vv. digitales dorsales pedes
- Genicular veins
- vv. geniculares