Femoral vein

The femoral veinAnatomical features of the femoral vein, its tributaries and outflow areas
~ 3 min

In this note, we will consider the anatomy, areas of venous drainage and anastomoses of the femoral vein (vena femoralis).

Femoral vein (vena femoralis)
Femoral vein (vena femoralis)

The veins of the lower limb form the system of the external iliac vein (v. iliaca communis);

External iliac vein (v. iliaca communis)
External iliac vein (v. iliaca communis)
External iliac vein (v. iliaca communis)
External iliac vein (v. iliaca communis)

into which the large femoral vein (vena femoralis) inserts in the femoral triangle area.

Large femoral vein (vena femoralis)
Large femoral vein (vena femoralis)
Large femoral vein (vena femoralis)
Large femoral vein (vena femoralis)

It communicates with the deep femoral vein (v. profunda femoris);

Deep femoral vein (v. profunda femoris)
Deep femoral vein (v. profunda femoris)

and at the level of the inguinal ligament forms a common femoral vein (v. femoralis communis), which accompanies the artery of the same name.

Common femoral vein (v. femoralis communis)
Common femoral vein (v. femoralis communis)

The great saphenous vein (v. saphena magna) may end by it.

Great saphenous vein (v. saphena magna)
Great saphenous vein (v. saphena magna)

The deep veins of the thigh drain blood from the small lateral and medial tributaries of the deep muscles, fascia of the thigh.

The femoral vein passes along the entire length of the thigh and has a number of direct and indirect tributaries that form its system.

  1. The popliteal vein (v. poplitea).

    Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
    Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)

    which collects blood from the popliteal fossa area. It ends by the femoral vein in the area around the knee joint

  2. The small subcutaneous vein (v. saphena parva) and the great subcutaneous vein (vv. saphena madpa),

    Small subcutaneous vein (v. saphena parva)
    Small subcutaneous vein (v. saphena parva)

    which anastomose between each other. They end by the popliteal vein. Blood is drained mainly from the posteromedial region of the leg, as well as from the lateral and medial ankles

  3. Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) and posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores) , which end by the popliteal vein

    Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
    Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
    Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores)
    Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores)
  4. Peroneal veins (vv. peroneae), which end by the posterior tibial veins

    Peroneal veins (vv. peroneae)
    Peroneal veins (vv. peroneae)
  5. The plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris), into which in turn the plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares) pass, carries blood to them

  6. The dorsal venous arch (arcus venosus dorsalis), which carries blood from the dorsum of the foot to the small and great saphenous veins, as well as to the anterior tibial veins

    Dorsal venous arch (arcus venosus dorsalis)
    Dorsal venous arch (arcus venosus dorsalis)
  7. The dorsal digital veins (vv. digitales dorsales), which end by the dorsal venous arch and carry blood from the toes

Plantar digital veins (plantar digital arteries proper et plantar digital veins)
Plantar digital veins (plantar digital arteries proper et plantar digital veins)
Plantar digital veins (common plantar digital arteries et veins)
Plantar digital veins (common plantar digital arteries et veins)
Dictionary

The femoral vein

Femoral vein
vena femoralis
Femoral triangle
trigomun femorale
Deep femoral vein
v. profunda femoris
Common femoral vein
v. femoralis communis
Popliteal vein
v. poplitea
Lesser and greatersubcutaneous veins
vv. saphena magna et parva
Anterior and posteriortibial veins
vv. tibiales anteriores et posteriors
Peroneal veins
vv. peroneae
Plantar venous arch
arcus venosus plantaris
Plantar digital veins
vv. digitales plantares
Dorsal venosus arch
arcus venosus dorsalis
Dorsal digital veins
vv. digitales dorsales pedes
Genicular veins
vv. geniculares
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