Posterior tibial vein

The posterior tibial veinAnatomical features of the posterior tibial vein, its tributaries and venous outflow areas
~ 3 min

In this video we will consider the anatomy, areas of venous drainage, and anastomoses of posterior tibial veins.

Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores).

Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores)
Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores)

They are in the back of the leg. They are represented by two large venous trunks communicated with each other by small anastomoses.

Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores) – with the arteries of the same name
Posterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales posteriores) – with the arteries of the same name

In their course, they accompany the posterior tibial artery (a. tibialis posterior).

Posterior tibial artery (a. tibialis posterior)
Posterior tibial artery (a. tibialis posterior)

They provide venous outflow from the plantar region of the foot, ankle joint and leg muscles.

In their final section, they communicate with the anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores).

Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) – with the arteries of the same name
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) – with the arteries of the same name
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) – with the arteries of the same name
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores) – with the arteries of the same name

forming the popliteal vein (v. poplitea).

Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Anterior tibial veins (vv. tibiales anteriores)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea)
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea) – with the arteries of the same name
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea) – with the arteries of the same name
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea) – with the arteries of the same name
Popliteal vein (v. poplitea) – with the arteries of the same name

The posterior tibial veins have several tributaries.

  • Medial plantar veins (vv. plantares mediales)

    Medial plantar veins (vv. plantares mediales) – with the arteries of the same name
    Medial plantar veins (vv. plantares mediales) – with the arteries of the same name
  • Lateral plantar veins (vv. plantares laterales)

Lateral plantar veins (vv. plantares laterales) – with the arteries of the same name
Lateral plantar veins (vv. plantares laterales) – with the arteries of the same name

The above veins receive blood from the plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris).

Plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris)
Plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris)

It drains blood from the plantar metatarsal veins (vv. metatarsales plantares).

Plantar metatarsal veins (vv. metatarsales plantares) – with the arteries of the same name
Plantar metatarsal veins (vv. metatarsales plantares) – with the arteries of the same name

which in turn drain blood from the common plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares communes).

Common plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares) – with the arteries of the same name
Common plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares) – with the arteries of the same name

And those veins drain blood from proper plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares propriae)

Plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares propriae) – with the arteries of the same name
Plantar digital veins (vv. digitales plantares propriae) – with the arteries of the same name

It is worth noting that the venous drainage of the dorsal and plantar region of the foot are communicated through an anastomosis between two venous arches – the plantar venous arch (arcus venosus plantaris) and the dorsal venous arch (arcus venosus dorsalis). The posterior tibial veins, in addition to many anastomoses with each other, communicate with the small saphenous vein of the lower limb (v. saphena parva),

Saphenous vein of the lower limb (v. saphena parva).
Saphenous vein of the lower limb (v. saphena parva).

which in turn anastomoses with the fibular veins (vv. fibulares).

Fibular veins (vv. fibulares) – with the arteries of the same name
Fibular veins (vv. fibulares) – with the arteries of the same name

Due to such a number of anastomoses, a powerful venous network is formed in the lower limb, which provides an intensive drainage of venous blood.

Dictionary

The posterior tibial vein

Posterior tibial veins
vv. tibiales posteriors
Medial plantar vein
v. plantaris medialis
Lateral plantar vein
v. plantaris lateralis
Plantar venous arch
arcus venosus plantaris
Plantar metatarsal veins
vv. metatarsales plantares
Plantar digital veins
v. digitales plantares
Dorsal venosus arch
arcus venosus dorsalis
Small saphenous vein
v. saphena parva
Peroneal veins
vv. fibulares
Anterior tibial veins
vv. tibiales anteriores
Popliteal vein
v. poplitea
Femoral vein
v. femorilis
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