Bones of the lower limb

Bones of the lower limb: Anatomy & ClassificationClassification of the bones of the lower limbs
~ 3 min

The bones of the lower extremity (ossa membri inferioris) are divided into the bones of the pelvic girdle (cingulum membri inferioris) and the bones of the free part of the lower extremity (pars libera membri inferioris).

Pelvic girdle (cingulum membri inferioris)
Pelvic girdle (cingulum membri inferioris)
Free part of the lower extremity (pars libera membri inferioris)
Free part of the lower extremity (pars libera membri inferioris)

The bones of the girdle are the following:

  • sacrum (os sacrum)

    Sacrum (os sacrum)
    Sacrum (os sacrum)
  • hip bone (os coxae), which is formed by three fused bones:

    Hip bone (os coxae)
    Hip bone (os coxae)
  • ilium (os ilium)

  • ischium (os ischii)

  • pubis (os pubis)

    Ilium (os ilium)
    Ilium (os ilium)
    Ischium (os ischii)
    Ischium (os ischii)
    Pubis (os pubis)
    Pubis (os pubis)

    The bones of the free part are:

  • femur (femur/os femoris)

    Femur (femur/os femoris)
    Femur (femur/os femoris)
  • tibia (tibia)

    Tibia (tibia)
    Tibia (tibia)
  • fibula (fibula)

    Fibula (fibula)
    Fibula (fibula)
  • tarsal bones (ossa tarsi)

    Tarsal bones (ossa tarsi)
    Tarsal bones (ossa tarsi)
  • metatarsals / metatarsal bones (ossa metatarsi)

    Metatarsals (ossa metatarsi)
    Metatarsals (ossa metatarsi)
  • phalanges (phalanges/ossa digitorum)

Phalanges (phalanges/ossa digitorum)
Phalanges (phalanges/ossa digitorum)

All bones are paired and connected to each other so that the lower extremity can carry heavy loads and the weight of the whole body.

Dictionary

Bones of the lower extremity

bones of lower limb
ossa membri inferioris
pelvic girdle
cingulum membri inferioris
free partof lower limb
pars libera membri inferioris
sacrum
os sacrum
hip bone
os coxae
ilium
os ilium
ischium
os ischii
pubis
os pubis
femur
femur / os femoris
tibia
tibia
fibula
fibula
tarsal bones
ossa tarsi
metatarsals
ossa metatarsi
phalanges
phalanges / ossa digitorum
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